Juana de Ibarbourou
(Melo, Uruguay , 1895 – Montevideo, 1979) Uruguayan poetess , considered one of the most personal voices of Latin American poetry from the early twentieth century. Originally called Juana Fernández Morales, at twenty married Captain Lucas Ibarbourou , which adopted the name he would sign his work.
Three years later he moved to Montevideo , where he lived since. His first poems appeared in newspapers , mainly in Reason, of the Uruguayan capital. He began his long lyrical journey with Languages poems Diamond (1919 ) , The fresh pitcher (1920) and Wild Root ( 1922 ), all strongly marked by modernism , which expressed abundant sensory and chromatic images , biblical allusions and mythological , but always with a unique accent.
His subject matter tends to sentimental exaltation of loving devotion , motherhood , physical beauty and nature . He printed his poems that eroticism is one of the aspects of capital production. In 1929 he was proclaimed ” Joan of America” in the Legislative Palace of Uruguay , who chaired the ceremony “official” Uruguayan poet J. Zorrilla de San Martín , and attended the Mexican essayist Alfonso Reyes.
Gradually his poetry was stripped of modernist garb to win in effusion and sincerity. In The compass rose (1930 ) delved into avant-garde , brushing even surreal images . With Engravings of the Bible, Praises of Our Lady and St. Isidro Summoning all of 1934 , instead start a path to mystical poetry .
In the 1950s his Lost (1950 ) , Azor (1953) and Romance of Destiny ( 1955) books were published . At this time , in Madrid, came to light his Collected Works (1953 ), where two unpublished books included: Dualism and Message type .
He was president of the Uruguayan Society of Writers in 1950. Five years later his work was awarded at the Institute of Hispanic Culture of Madrid, and in 1959 he was awarded the Grand National Prize for Literature , awarded this year for the first time . His prose was focused primarily toward young audiences , it highlights Epistolario (1927) and Chico Carlo ( 1944).
The daughter of a diplomat and a restoring is the eldest of four children , three girls and a boy. He lived in Uruguay to 12 years , where because of the profession of his father had to move to Argentina , Spain , England, where he went to school , and Russia. He began his undergraduate studies at the University of Oxford and was abandoned in the first year to marry Rafael Ruiz de Cueto. From this marriage he had two daughters , Sofia ( 1975) and Jimena (1978). He remarried with Mariano Rubio. In 1985 he acquired the Uruguayan and Spanish double nationality. He introduced in 1988 the Spanish TV program , Between the Lines .
Began his literary career writing children’s literature in 1980 that continued until 1987. In 1984 , his book Mr. North Wind won the National Book Award for best editing . His first job beyond child gender is unlikely scene in collaboration with Lucretia King- Hedinger . Write screenplays and television and two satirical essays : Yuppies , jet set , the move and other species, and a year later shows Rebeca syndrome : a guide to conjure ghosts. From this moment , Posadas will alternate story and novel.
In 1991 published the essayWho has seen and who sees you ! and in 1995 the novel Five blowflies . In 1997 Read the story collection Nothing is what it seems . The following year obtained the Small Planet Prize with infamy .
The deaths of her father and of her husband in 1999 dealt a severe blow to staff writer.
In 2001 he published La Bella Otero , which soon led to film. In 2002 , Newsweek Carmen Posadas highlighted as one of the most important Latin American writers of his generation . That same year he published a collection of articles, Viriato hernia : Recipe for hypochondriacs , written in collaboration with her daughter Sophia. The good servant appears in 2003, and in 2004 the shadow of Lilith, in collaboration with Sophie Courgeon .
Collectively , his books have been translated into 23 languages.
There is an unauthorized biography about the author is called Carmen Posadas . A story to tell in which are collected every year of his life from birth to the present. It was written by journalist Moses Ruiz , a professor at the European University of Madrid, in which Carmen Posadas is a member of the University Advisory Council. This is the first time the writer happens to be the star of their own book pages . The play tells details about his life that were hitherto unknown . It was published in February 2007 by Adhara publisher.
Children play , Planet, 2006 , Literature, adultery and Visa Platinum ( Metro , 2007) card, today caviar, sardines morning (RBA , 2008, in collaboration with his brother Gervasio Posadas Mañé ) , Red Ribbon ( Oxford University Press , 2008) and The Invisible witness (2013 ) are his later novels . Other awards are Apelles Mestres Prize for Children’s Literature in 2004 and in 2008 the Culture Prize awarded by the Community of Madrid.